FACT SHEET: Biden Administration Launches New Federal-State Offshore Wind Partnership to Grow American-Made Clean Energy - The White House (2023)

White House Convenes Governors, Labor Leaders, and Private Companies to Boost Offshore Wind Supply Chains, Lower Energy Costs, and Support Manufacturing Jobs


Today, the White House is joining with eleven governors from up and down the East Coast to launch a new Federal-State Offshore Wind Implementation Partnership that will accelerate the growing offshore wind industry. The partnership will support efforts to provide Americans with cleaner and cheaper energy, create good-paying jobs, and make historic investments in new American energy supply chains, manufacturing, shipbuilding, and servicing.

As a first step of this Partnership, the White House and governors are announcing commitments to collaborate on expanding key elements of the offshore wind supply chain, from manufacturing facilities to port capabilities to workforce development. The Administration is also announcing steps to advance a National Offshore Wind Supply Chain Roadmap and designating offshore wind vessels as Vessels of National Interest to facilitate more offshore wind construction.

After years of Americans facing energy uncertainty, President Biden has taken decisive action to jumpstart the American offshore wind industry. He set a bold goal of deploying 30 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind by 2030, enough to power 10 million homes with clean energy, support 77,000 jobs, and spur $12 billion per year in private investment in offshore wind projects. Since then, the Biden Administration has approved the first large-scale projects, established new wind energy areas, and held record-breaking wind auctions—signature achievements that advance the President’s commitment to tackle the climate crisis and strengthen American energy security.

These bold actions have unleashed historic private sector investments to expand an American-made wind energy supply chain. In 2021 alone, investors announced $2.2 billion in new funding, including commitments to develop nine major manufacturing facilities to produce the foundations, towers, cables, and blades of offshore wind turbines. Supplier contracts to provide materials and services to offshore wind projects more than doubled. And historic project labor agreements are helping to grow a diverse union workforce and support training programs.

More opportunities are ahead, including an estimated $109 billion revenue opportunity across the offshore wind supply chain this decade, and East Coast Governors are laying the groundwork to seize them. Having already set commitments to procure nearly 40 GW of offshore wind, these states are providing a strong demand signal for clean energy that will lower energy costs for American families while protecting them from volatile fossil fuel price spikes. Collaboration between state and federal governments already is helping to create good-paying jobs and establish a durable domestic supply chain to facilitate the responsible development of America’s world-class offshore wind resource. The Biden-Harris Administration is committed to further partnering with states to maximize benefits to American workers and communities.

That’s why today at the White House, alongside labor and industry leaders, Governors will join National Climate Advisor Gina McCarthy, Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland, Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm, Deputy Secretary of Transportation Polly Trottenberg, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Administrator Rick Spinrad to:

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  • Launch the Federal-State Offshore Wind Implementation Partnership: Eleven leading states along the East Coast will participate in this new Partnership, a first-of-its-kind forum for collaboration between federal and state officials to accelerate offshore wind progress. The partners will work together to build a strong, U.S.-based supply chain for offshore wind, grow a skilled U.S. workforce, and build on work to address important regional matters such as transmission and interconnection, fishing and other ocean co-use issues, and other key priorities. The Federal-State Partnership will look to expand to the West Coast and the Gulf of Mexico as offshore wind energy projects develop in those regions.
  • Leverage State and Federal Actions to Strengthen the U.S. Offshore Wind Supply Chain: As a first step of this new Partnership, the Biden Administration and Governors are endorsing a set of federal, state, and mutual commitments to expand key elements of the supply chain, including manufacturing facilities for offshore wind components, port capabilities, logistics networks needed to install projects, and workforce development to fill good-paying jobs. Working together, federal and state partners will track progress, anticipate future needs, and collaborate on a regional and national basis.
  • Advance the National Offshore Wind Supply Chain Roadmap: The Department of Energy, along with New York and Maryland, is providing funding to develop a comprehensive offshore wind supply chain roadmap, through a collaboration led by the National Offshore Wind Research and Development Consortium and with partners including the Business Network for Offshore Wind. As part of this effort, in March 2022 the National Renewable Energy Laboratory released a report on supply chain needs, including manufactured components, ports, and vessels, to deploy 30 GW by 2030. Today, Secretary Granholm will announce a July workshop for stakeholders, including state officials, to provide input on a roadmap, for release later this year, laying out actions to meet these supply chain needs.
  • Announce Priority Financing for Offshore Wind Vessels: Constructing offshore wind projects requires specialized installation vessels, and projections from the National Offshore Wind Supply Chain Roadmap show that U.S. and global vessel supply will need to increase to meet and accelerate offshore wind deployment. Today, the Department of Transportation’s Maritime Administration (MARAD) is announcing the designation of offshore wind vessels as Vessels of National Interest for support through the Federal Ship Financing Program, giving these applications priority for review and funding. The program assists the domestic shipbuilding industry, providing support for U.S. shipyards to modernize their facilities, to build and retrofit vessels, and to assist U.S shipowners to cost-effectively obtain domestically produced new vessels.

Today’s announcements build on the President Biden’s leadership in launching the American offshore wind industry. His Administration has already:

  • Approved the nation’s first two commercial-scale offshore wind projects, Vineyard Wind and South Fork Wind, both now under construction and being built by union labor. The Department of the Interior (DOI) initiated the review of an additional 10 projects that, if approved, represent 22 GW of clean new energy for the nation.
  • Announced an ambitious leasing strategy for the DOI to hold up to seven offshore wind auctions by 2025—two of which were held earlier this year—including areas in Gulf of Maine, New York Bight, Central Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico, as well as offshore the Carolinas, California, and Oregon.
  • Held a record-breaking wind lease sale in the New York Bight, bringing in $4.37 billion in winning bids for areas with the potential to power nearly two million homes. DOI also joined with New York and New Jersey to launch a shared vision on offshore wind supply chain development, with a focus on delivering benefits to underserved communities. The Federal-State Offshore Wind Implementation Partnership will build on these efforts.
  • Utilized Lease Provisions to Leverage Union Jobs and Supply Chain Development to Accelerate Wind Development: The historic New York Bight lease sale included incentives to source major components like blades, turbines and foundations domestically and encouraged use of project labor agreements to ensure that these projects are built as quickly and safely as possible. Last month, DOI’s Carolina Long Bay lease sale included a new credit for bidders who committed to support workforce training programs or U.S. supply chain development, generating $42 million in funding.

Read more about the new Partnership and the supply chain commitments made today:

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Federal-State Offshore Wind Implementation Partnership

The new Federal-State Offshore Wind Implementation Partnership is a joint effort of the White House National Climate Advisor, the Secretaries of the Interior, Energy, Commerce, and Transportation, and the Governors of several East Coast states who are early leaders on offshore wind development: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.

An initial focus area of the Partnership will be collaboratively growing a strong U.S. offshore wind supply chain. Going forward, the Partnership will provide a forum for new initiatives and in coordination with existing efforts to address ocean co-use, transmission needs and other offshore wind priorities that may benefit from additional federal, state, and regional coordination. The Partnership will expand to include Governors from the West Coast and the Gulf of Mexico as offshore wind energy projects develop in those regions.

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New Commitments to Strengthen the U.S. Offshore Wind Supply Chain

During today’s White House event, Administration officials and Governors will endorse this set of commitments to solidify and expand the domestic manufacturing capacity, logistics networks, and workforce development needed for a U.S. offshore wind supply chain that creates good-paying jobs and equitably benefits local communities.

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Mutual Federal-State Commitments
To ensure the development of a robust U.S. offshore wind industry and domestic supply chain, the federal and state governments jointly commit to:

  • Work collaboratively to enhance the U.S. domestic manufacturing, logistics, and workforce development network to support the orderly and expeditious development of a robust U.S. offshore wind industry, across both fixed-bottom and floating technologies.
  • Work together to most effectively address commonly identified high-priority gaps within the offshore wind manufacturing, logistics, and workforce network, and to facilitate regional solutions including, where possible, the use of public funds to advance these efforts.
  • Engage with underserved communities, ocean users, Tribes, local governments, and other stakeholders to ensure that supply chain development provides equitable benefits and minimizes any potential adverse impacts.
  • Explore aligning planned offshore wind procurements with offshore wind lease auctions.
  • Support the development of a domestic fleet of offshore wind installation and service vessels.

State Commitments
State governments recognize that it is vital to facilitate and enable these offshore wind economic opportunities and ensure efficient and equitable processes so that communities can benefit at all scales. Cross-state collaboration and coordination will build a more robust and sustainable network of manufacturing, logistics, and workforce development that can realize larger and longer-term opportunities. The state governments commit to:

  • Explore opportunities to use project solicitations to support domestic content commitments alongside local content commitments in offshore wind procurements, including mechanisms to prioritize manufacturing and logistics commitments that address commonly identified high priority gaps and provide benefits to underserved communities.
  • Explore opportunities to take regional approaches to advance development of a robust domestic offshore wind manufacturing and logistics network and workforce that is sustainable over the longer term.

Federal Commitments
The federal government recognizes the importance of ensuring efficient policies and effective funding mechanisms to enable companies and communities to realize economic opportunities, securing regional networks that benefit all, including underserved communities.The federal government commits to:

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  • Facilitate timely and effective permitting and environmental reviews and advance a pipeline of projects and lease sales that reinforce strong market demand for investment in the U.S. offshore wind supply chain.
  • Utilize the lease auction process, consistent with applicable law, to incentivize investment in the U.S. offshore wind supply chain, including in domestic manufacturing, logistics, and workforce development.
  • Develop, in conjunction with states and other key stakeholders, an offshore wind supply chain roadmap that identifies critical gaps and opportunities to meet state and federal offshore wind goals and pathways to meet those goals, including opportunities where regional collaboration will provide greater, sustained local benefits.
  • Seek to leverage federal funding opportunities to promote a U.S.-based offshore wind supply chain, consistent with applicable law, including by providing appropriate incentives toward the Administration’s goal that 40 percent of overall benefits are directed to disadvantaged communities.

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FAQs

What percentage of US power will be made from wind? ›

How much electricity is generated from wind power in the US? In 2021, wind farms generated 9.2% of electricity in the US, according to the US Energy Information Administration(EIA). In total, renewable energy sources contribute 20% of electricity in the US.

Who leads the US in wind energy? ›

Twenty-two states installed new utility-scale land-based wind turbines in 2021. Texas installed the most capacity, with 3,343 MW. Other leading states include Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Kansas, which all added more than 1,000 MW of capacity in 2021.

What has Biden done to help climate? ›

Providing historic investments for climate resilient infrastructure projects: Through the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, President Biden secured $50 billion in resilience investments, the most in American history, to protect communities against extreme weather.

Does the US have offshore wind farms? ›

Currently, US offshore wind energy has about 42 megawatts (MW) of capacity and only one operational offshore commercial wind farm off the coast of Rhode Island (Block Island Wind Farm). The target represents not only a ramp-up but a stimulus for the sustainable development of America's offshore wind industry.

What are 3 disadvantages of wind energy? ›

Disadvantages of wind energy
  • Wind energy is intermittent.
  • Wind energy causes noise and visual pollution.
  • Wind turbines have some negative impacts on their surrounding environment.
  • Wind Energy is Remote.
9 Mar 2022

How long does a wind turbine take to pay for itself? ›

Generally, it takes 15 to 20 years for a wind turbine to pay for itself. But this time can increase or decrease based on your power requirements, local wind speed, government incentives, etc. There are instances when people could get back their investment much sooner, and then there are others who were not so lucky.

How many windmills would it take to power the US? ›

To answer that question, AWEA's manager of industry data analysis, John Hensley, did the following math: 4.082 billion megawatt-hours (the average annual US electricity consumption) divided by 7,008 megawatt-hours of annual wind energy production per wind turbine equals approximately 583,000 onshore turbines.

What country uses wind energy the most? ›

China is the world leader in wind energy, with over one-quarter of the world's wind power capacity. The country has the world's largest onshore windfarm in Gansu Province, built out of the Gobi Desert.

Which states have no wind turbines? ›

The following states have 0 MW of wind power capacity installed:
  • Alabama.
  • Arkansas.
  • Florida.
  • Georgia.
  • Kentucky.
  • Louisiana.
  • Mississippi.
  • South Carolina.

When did the Earth last heat up? ›

Conditions were also frequently sweltering between 500 million and 250 million years ago. And within the last 100 million years, two major heat spikes occurred: the Cretaceous Hot Greenhouse (about 92 million years ago), and the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (about 56 million years ago).

What is joe Biden doing for the ENVIRONMENT? ›

In August 2022, President Biden signed into law the Inflation Reduction Act, which contains the largest climate investment by the U.S. federal government in history, including over $391 billion to reduce carbon emissions.

What is China doing about climate change? ›

China announced that it will “strictly control coal consumption” over the next 14th Five-year Plan (FYP) period (2021–2025) and “will phase down coal consumption” over the 15th FYP period (2026–2030), and has kept emphasis on its continued efforts to peak carbon emissions before 2030 and reach carbon neutrality before ...

How many homes can one offshore wind turbine power? ›

Standing nearly 850 feet tall, with three rotors each spanning more than 720 feet, a single Haliade-X can power up to 16,000 homes.

What state has the most wind turbines? ›

Texas has the most wind turbine capacity among states: 30.2 GW were installed as of December 2020. In 2020, Texas generated more electricity from wind than the next three highest states (Iowa, Oklahoma, and Kansas) combined.

Who owns most of the wind turbines? ›

Vestas. The Danish wind turbine manufacturer Vestas is currently the world's largest wind turbine maker, representing over 16% of the world wind turbine market. The company was founded in 1898 and is headquartered in Aarhus, Denmark.

What are 4 disadvantages of wind power? ›

Some of the main disadvantages of wind energy include unpredictability, it is a threat to wildlife, it creates low-level noise, they aren't aesthetically pleasing, and there are limited locations suitable for wind turbines.

What are 2 disadvantages of wind energy? ›

The two major disadvantages of wind power include initial cost and technology immaturity. Firstly, constructing turbines and wind facilities is extremely expensive. The second disadvantage is technology immaturity.

What is the life expectancy of wind turbine blades? ›

The life span of a wind turbine blade is roughly 20 years.

How many gallons of oil are in a wind turbine? ›

Check the Oil

Gearboxes on the generally smaller-sized turbines installed in the mid-1980s hold about 10 gallons of oil or less. Newer, larger machines might hold as much as 60 gallons.

How many gallons of oil does it take to run a wind turbine? ›

Each wind turbine needs 80 gallons of oil as lubricant and we're not talking about vegetable oil, this is a PAO synthetic oil based on crude... 12,000 gallons of it. That oil needs to be replaced once a year. It is estimated that a little over 3,800 turbines would be needed to power a city the size of New York...

Which is cheaper solar or wind power? ›

Wind turbine systems can run as high as $65,000 installed, while the average cost nationally for a professionally installed solar panel system is about $8 to $9 per watt. That means a 2 kilowatt (kW) grid-tied system with no battery back-up can run to $16,000 and a similar 5 kW system could cost upwards of $40,000.

How many wind turbines does it take to replace a nuclear power plant? ›

To put that in perspective, you would need more than 3 million solar panels to produce the same amount of power as a typical commercial reactor or more than 430 wind turbines (capacity factor not included). Nuclear fuel is extremely dense.

How many wind turbines does it take to replace a coal plant? ›

So the first answer is that just over 350 wind turbines are required to replace a coal generation plant which likely has 2–3 generating units. That means that about 120–175 wind turbines are required to replace a single generating unit.

How many windmills would it take to power a city? ›

The top five places that need the most wind turbines to power their major city: Tokyo, Japan, needs 10,310 offshore wind turbines. New York City, U.S., needs 3,687 offshore wind turbines. Seoul, South Korea, needs 3,644 offshore wind turbines.

Which country has the most clean energy? ›

It may seem counter-intuitive, but China is the world leader in wind and solar energy production. Aiming to generate a third of their energy from renewable sources by 2025, they're also one of the biggest investors in renewable energy worldwide. Now they just need to get those emissions down!

What is the fastest growing source of energy in the world? ›

Solar generation (including distributed), which made up 3.3 percent of total U.S. generation in 2020, is the fastest-growing electricity source. Globally, renewables made up 29 percent of electricity generation in 2020, much of it from hydropower (16.8 percent).

Which country generates the most electricity? ›

China is by far the largest electricity-generating country in the world, with over 8.5 petawatt-hours generated in 2021. It was followed by the United States, with an electricity production of some 4.4 petawatt-hours that year.

Why are there no wind farms in Florida? ›

Nobody's vying for a lease for a wind turbine farm offshore of Florida for the same reason there's no one vying for a spot on land in Florida: Except for the occasional hurricane or tropical storm, Florida's offshore areas lack wind. “Theoretically wind [power] can work in the Gulf of Mexico,” Firestone told me.

Why are so many wind turbines not running? ›

The most common reason that turbines stop spinning is because the wind is not blowing fast enough. Most wind turbines need a sustained wind speed of 9 MPH or higher to operate. Technicians will also stop turbines to perform routine maintenance or repairs.

What was the temperature on Earth when dinosaurs lived? ›

Dinosaurs of the northern mid-latitudes (45 degrees north of the equator) experienced average summer temperatures of 27 degrees Celsius (about 80 degrees Fahrenheit). Winters were roughly 15 degrees C (59 degrees F).

Is Earth warming or cooling? ›

Despite short-term decreases in global temperature, the long-term trend shows that Earth continues to warm.

How did humans survive ice age? ›

Humans during the Ice Age first survived through foraging and gathering nuts, berries, and other plants as food. Humans began hunting herds of animals because it provided a reliable source of food. Many of the herds that they followed, such as birds, were migratory.

What is the us doing to stop climate change? ›

EPA works with industry and others to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through regulatory initiatives and partnership programs. Within the Agency, EPA implements a range of strategies to reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions, increase energy efficiency, and take other steps to reduce its carbon footprint.

What is the government doing to help climate change? ›

Buildings Sector. Expanded a program to help families weatherize homes with a $3 billion Bipartisan Infrastructure Law investment in the Weatherization Assistance Program to increase energy efficiency, make homes healthier, and lower energy bills for thousands of American families.

What is Biden's climate plan? ›

The Biden administration has proposed regulatory efforts on emission standards that would increase the sale of electric vehicles so that half of all new cars and trucks sold in the U.S. are electric by 2030. Last month, the European Parliament supported a proposal to effectively ban new gas cars and trucks by 2035.

Why does China pollute so much? ›

Growing numbers of vehicles and factories are fueled by coal and are the primary sources of the country's dangerously high levels of air pollution.

Is China at risk from climate change? ›

Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting China. China faces significant disaster risk levels, ranked 67 out of 191 countries by the 2019 Inform Risk Index . This ranking is driven strongly by the exposure component of risk.

What is the future of wind power in the US? ›

The Wind Vision Report shows that wind can be a viable source of renewable electricity in all 50 states by 2050. Wind energy supports a strong domestic supply chain. Wind has the potential to support over 600,000 jobs in manufacturing, installation, maintenance, and supporting services by 2050.

What percentage of US electricity is renewable? ›

Renewable energy generates about 20% of all U.S. electricity , and that percentage continues to grow.

What percent of US energy is wind and solar? ›

Solar and wind power use has grown at a rapid rate over the past decade or so, but as of 2018 those sources accounted for less than 4% of all the energy used in the U.S. (That's the most recent full year for which data is available.)

How long would it take for the US to switch to renewable energy? ›

Instead of asking, “how much?” They asked “how fast?” – specifically, how fast we could get to 90-percent zero-carbon power with wind, solar, hydropower and nuclear power – at no extra cost to consumers. Thanks to rapidly falling costs for wind turbines, solar panels, and batteries, the answer is 2035.

Can wind turbines generate electricity without wind? ›

Do wind turbines need wind to work? Yes, wind turbines need wind to create power. No wind, no power generation.

What are four main disadvantages of wind farms? ›

Key takeaways

Some of the main disadvantages of wind energy include unpredictability, it is a threat to wildlife, it creates low-level noise, they aren't aesthetically pleasing, and there are limited locations suitable for wind turbines.

Why don't wind turbines work in high winds? ›

The reason turbines shut down like this is for safety - if the wind is too fast it can put major stress on the blades and mechanisms inside the turbine causing lots of friction and long term damage. It's much safer to have the turbines stop and then start again when wind is a bit slower and safer.

What country uses the most renewable energy? ›

Norway is the country with the highest share of renewable energy in the world, according to new data.

Where does U.S. electricity come from 2022? ›

Renewables outproduced both coal and nuclear power by 28.76% and 38.81%, respectively. The combination of just wind and solar generated almost as much as the United States' nuclear power plants: 344,685 gigawatt hours vs.

What is the best alternative to fossil fuels? ›

The five primary alternatives to fossil fuels are renewable energy, nuclear power, hydrogen, biomass, and geothermal energy. Renewable energy is defined as power derived from natural sources that can replenish themselves, such as wind, solar, tidal or hydroelectric.

How long do solar panels last? ›

When you're doing your research for this sustainable energy source, it's important to factor in how long solar panels typically last. The industry standard for most solar panels' lifespans is 25 to 30 years. Most reputable manufacturers offer production warranties for 25 years or more.

What is the largest source of energy in the world? ›

Oil is the world's largest energy source today. It is the dominant source of energy for the transport sector in particular. This interactive map shows the share of primary energy that comes from oil across the world.

How can I generate electricity at home for free? ›

Generating Electricity at Home
  1. Residential Solar Panels. Every ray of sunshine that lands on your roof is free electricity for the taking. ...
  2. Wind Turbines. ...
  3. Solar and Wind Hybrid Systems. ...
  4. Microhydropower Systems. ...
  5. Solar Water Heaters. ...
  6. Geothermal Heat Pumps.
26 Sept 2018

Can the US be 100% renewable energy? ›

USCA states can meet 100 percent of their electricity consumption with renewable energy by 2035 even with strong increases in demand due to electrifying transportation and heating. A transition to renewables yields strong benefits in terms of health, climate, economies, and energy affordability.

Why does the US not use renewable energy? ›

It all comes down to cost and infrastructure. Ultimately, the biggest hindrance to the development of renewable energy is its cost and logistical barriers. Once the infrastructure for renewable energy sources grows, we will see it take off in popularity and use.

Can the US run on 100 renewable energy? ›

U.S. can get to 100% clean energy with wind, water, solar and zero nuclear, Stanford professor says. Stanford professor Mark Jacobson sees a way for the U.S. to meet its energy demands by 2050 with 100% wind, water and solar.

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